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~ Cat's diseases - cat lovers please read ~

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  • Maya061's Avatar
    2,987 posts since May '03
    • My kittens and cats just died these few days Crying or Very sad . What caused it was this disease called distemper that brought by virus. Please read more about this disease so you can prevent your cats to get infected by this virus.

      Feline Panleukopenia (FP)
      Over the years feline panleukopenia (FP) has been known by a variety of names; feline distemper, infectious enteritis, cat fever, cat typhoid, and several others. FP is a highly contagious virus disease that occurs wherever there are cats. Cats at any age may be stricken. Young kittens, sick cats, and indoor cats that have not been given boosters recently are most susceptible; older cats are more likely to have acquired an immunity and, therefore, are infected less frequently. Urban areas are most likely to see outbreaks of FP during the warmer months. The virus has appeared in all parts of the United States and most countries of the world. Kennels, pet shops, bording facilities, cat shows, breeding facilities, humane shelters, and other areas where groups of cats are quartered appear to be the main reservoirs of FP today. Dogs are not susceptible to feline panleukopenia. Canine distemper is a different disease caused by another virus. Neither disease is transmissible to man. FP virus is passed from cat to cat by direct contact. Infection occurs when contact is made with the blood, urine, fecal material, nasal secretions, and even fleas of infected cats In most cases, recovered cats do not transmit the infection. A healthy cat can also become infected without coming in direct contact with an infected cat. Bedding, cages, food dishes, and the hands or clothing of handlers may harbor and transmit the virus. The FP virus is very stable. It is resistant to many chemicals and may remain infectious at room temperature for as long as one year. Short of raising a cat in total isolation, it is nearly impossible to prevent exposure..

      Clinical Signs
      Signs of FP can vary in severity from very mild to extreme. The many signs are not always typical and many owners may even believe that their cat has been poisoned or has swallowed a foreign object. Because of this fact, treatment may be delayed or neglected. The first signs a owner might notice are generalized depression, loss of appetite, high fever, lethargy, vomiting, dehydration, and hanging over the water dish. The course of the disease may be short and explosive. Advanced cases, when discovered, may cause death within hours. Normally, the sickness may go on for three or four days after the first elevation of body temperature. Fever will fluctuate during the illness and abruptly fall to subnormal levels shortly before death. Other signs in later stages may be diarrhea, anemia, and persistent vomiting. FP is so prevalent and the signs so varied that any sick cat should be taken to a veterinarian for a definite diagnosis.

      Diagnosis is based upon vaccination history, history of exposure, symptoms found on clinical examination, and blood testing to rule out the presence of other diseases such as feline leukemia virus, feline immunodeficiency virus, or feline infectious peritonitis virus.

      The veterinarian will attempt to combat extreme dehydration, provide nutrients, prevent secondary infection with antibiotics, and provide support as deemed necessary depending upon the severity of the disease. If the cat survives for 48 hours, its chances for recovery are much better. Pregnant females that contract the disease, even in its mildest form, may give birth to kittens with mild to severe brain damage. Strict isolation is essential. The area where the cat is kept should be warm, free of drafts and very clean. Cats may lose the will to live; so frequent petting, hand feeding, providing warmth, and good nursing care by the owner is essential.The prognosis for kittens less than 8 weeks old is poor. Older cats have greater chance of survival if adequate treatment is provided early in the course of the disease. Treatment is limited to supportive therapy to help the patient gain and retain sufficient strength to combat the virus with its own immune system. There are no antibiotics that can kill the virus. Other cats that may have been in close association with the infected animal should be carefully examined.

      FP is controlled in several ways. Cats that survive a natural infection usually develop sufficient, active immunity to protect them for the rest of their lives. Mild cases may go unnoticed and also produce immunity. It is also possible for kittens to receive immunity from their mother through the transfer of antibody through the blood when in utero or through the milk while nursing. This passive immunity from the mother is temporary and its effectiveness varies in proportion to the level of antibody in the mother's body. The immunity diminishes rapidly and is not considered effective after 8 weeks of age. Vaccines offer the safest protection. Most vaccines are made from live viruses treated to destroy their ability to cause disease. They stimulate the cat's body to produce protective antibodies against the virus to prevent infection by natural, disease causing viruses. The vaccines are very effective but are preventative, not curative. They must be administered before the cat is exposed and infected to be effective. Most young kittens receive their first vaccination between 6 and 8 weeks of age, or as soon as they are taken from their mother. The vaccination must be boosted again at 12 weeks, and 16 weeks of age. Vaccination must be repeated annually as a booster to maintain effective immunity. Specific vaccination schedules vary dependent on many factors, such as the disease incidence in the area, age and health of the cat, etc. The pet owner should consult a veterinarian for advice on the correct schedule for each cat.

      Only a healthy pet is a happy companion. To assure your pet's daily well-being requires regular care and close attention to any hint of ill health. The American Veterinary Medical Association therefore suggests that you consult your veterinarian if you pet shows any of the following signs:
      * Abnormal behavior or lethargy.
      * Abnormal discharges from the nose, eyes, or other body openings.
      * Abnormal lumps, limping, or difficulty getting up or lying down.
      * Loss of appetite, marked weight losses or gains, or excessive or decreased water consumption. Difficult, abnormal, or uncontrolled waste elimination.
      * Excessive head shaking, scratching, and licking or biting any part of the body.
      * Dandruff, loss of hair, open sores, and a ragged or dull coat. Foul breath or excessive tarter deposits on teeth.
      *Blood from anywhere that is not considered normal (ie females in heat, etc).

      PS : Mod, can u please make this thread sticky ? So if others have any info on cat's disease to share, they can post it here. U also can always edit my post n add if there's more info. Thank you.

  • Moderator
    care bear's Avatar
    2,144 posts since Sep '04
    • SO sorry to read about your loss... Sad so sad....did you lose all of your cats to this? how many were there? they werent vaccinated against it?

  • Maya061's Avatar
    2,987 posts since May '03
    • Originally posted by care bear:
      SO sorry to read about your loss... Sad so sad....did you lose all of your cats to this? how many were there? they werent vaccinated against it?

      3 kittens and my 2 very cute cats. so depress Crying or Very sad i posted his pic somewhere before here.. i'll show u while he's still alive pic if i can find it.
      i didn't even know that there's such disease. now i know. the doc said many cats got infected these days. one ang moh had 12 cats and 10 died bcos of distemper Crying or Very sad

      can u please make this thread sticky ? or if u won't, can u please make one sticky thread on cat's diseases ?

  • Moderator
    care bear's Avatar
    2,144 posts since Sep '04
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