Hi people... firstly, welcome to Football & EPL. This forum is specially for football discussion only. The reason this forum was created so that our fellow football loving fans in sgforums can come together and have a good time discussing their favourite game here.
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About the moderators on this Football & EPL folder...Edited by zocoss 21 Nov `09, 2:27PM
Edited by zocoss 20 Aug `12, 1:13PM
New regulations will demand eight homegrown players in every topflight club’s 25-man squad. It emerged only youngsters brought through at English and Welsh clubs will qualify.
FA rules a player dismissed for violent conduct or serious foul play must be banned for three matches. Only offences such as using insulting or abusive language - two matches - or denying a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity - one match - carry lesser punishments.Edited by zocoss 12 Nov `12, 4:16PM
Manchester United's Premier League fixtures 201-16
August 8: Tottenham Hotspur (H)
August 15: Aston Villa (A)
August 22: Newcastle United (H)
August 29: Swansea City (A)
September 12: Liverpool (H)
September 19: Southampton (A)
September 26: Sunderland (H)
October 3: Arsenal (A)
October 17: Everton (A)
October 24: Manchester City (H)
October 31: Crystal Palace (A)
November 7: West Bromwich Albion (H)
November 21: Watford (A)
November 28: Leicester City (A)
December 5: West Ham United (H)
December 12: Bournemouth (A)
December 19: Norwich City (H)
December 26: Stoke City (A)
December 28: Chelsea (H)
January 2: Swansea City (H)
January 13: Newcastle United (A)
January 16: Liverpool (A)
January 23: Southampton (H)
February 2: Stoke City (H)
February 6: Chelsea (A)
February 13: Sunderland (A)
February 27: Arsenal (H)
March 1: Watford (H)
March 5: West Bromwich Albion (A)
March 12: Crystal Palace (H)
March 19: Manchester City (A)
April 2: Everton (H)
April 9: Tottenham Hotspur (A)
April 16: Aston Villa (H)
April 23: West Ham United (A)
April 30: Leicester City (H)
May 7: Norwich City (A)
May 15: Bournemouth (H)Edited by zocoss 17 Jun `15, 8:08PM
Manchester City's Premier League fixtures 2015-16
August 8: West Bromwich Albion (A)
August 15: Chelsea (H)
August 22: Everton (A)
August 29: Watford (H)
September 12: Crystal Palace (A)
September 19: West Ham United (H)
September 26: Tottenham Hotspur (A)
October 3: Newcastle United (H)
October 17: Bournemouth (H)
October 24: Manchester United (A)
October 31: Norwich City (H)
November 7: Aston Villa (A)
November 21: Liverpool (H)
November 28: Southampton (H)
December 5: Stoke City (A)
December 12: Swansea City (H)
December 19: Arsenal (A)
December 26: Sunderland (H)
December 28: Leicester City (A)
January 2: Watford (A)
January 13: Everton (H)
January 16: Crystal Palace (H)
January 23: West Ham United (A)
February 2: Sunderland (A)
February 6: Leicester City (H)
February 13: Tottenham Hotspur (H)
February 27: Newcastle United (A)
March 1: Liverpool (A)
March 5: Aston Villa (H)
March 12: Norwich City (A)
March 19: Manchester United (H)
April 2: Bournemouth (A)
April 9: West Bromwich Albion (H)
April 16: Chelsea (A)
April 23: Stoke City (H)
April 30: Southampton (A)
May 7: Arsenal (H)
May 15: Swansea City (A)
*All fixtures subject to change due to TV schedulingEdited by zocoss 17 Jun `15, 8:22PM
Chelsea's Premier League fixtures 2015-16
8 Swansea City (h)
15 Manchester City (a)
22 West Bromwich Albion (a)
29 Crystal Palace (h)
12 Everton (a)
19 Arsenal (h)
26 Newcastle United (a)
3 Southampton (h)
17 Aston Villa (h)
24 West Ham United (a)
31 Liverpool (h)
7 Stoke City (a)
21 Norwich City (h)
28 Tottenham Hotspur (a)
5 Bournemouth (h)
12 Leicester City (a)
19 Sunderland (h)
26 Watford (h)
28 Manchester United (a)
2 Crystal Palace (a)
13 West Bromwich Albion (h)
16 Everton (h)
23 Arsenal (a)
2 Watford (a)
6 Manchester United (h)
13 Newcastle United (h)
27 Southampton (a)
1 Norwich City (a)
5 Stoke City (h)
12 Liverpool (a)
19 West Ham United (h)
2 Aston Villa (a)
9 Swansea City (a)
16 Manchester City (h)
23 Bournemouth (a)
30 Tottenham Hotspur (h)
7 Sunderland (a)
15 Leicester City (h)Edited by zocoss 17 Jun `15, 9:18PM
Arsenal's Premier League fixtures 2015-16
8 West Ham United (h)
15 Crystal Palace (a)
22 Liverpool (h)
29 Newcastle United (a)
12 Stoke City (h)
19 Chelsea (a)
26 Leicester City (a)
3 Manchester United (h)
17 Watford (a)
24 Everton (h)
31 Swansea City (a)
7 Tottenham (h)
21 West Brom (a)
28 Norwich City (a)
5 Sunderland (h)
12 Aston Villa (a)
19 Manchester City (h)
26 Southampton (a)
28 Bournemouth (h)
2 Newcastle United (h)
12 Liverpool (a)
16 Stoke City (a)
23 Chelsea (h)
2 Southampton (h)
6 Bournemouth (a)
13 Leicester City (h)
27 Manchester United (a)
1 Swansea City (h)
5 Tottenham Hotspur (a)
12 West Brom (h)
19 Everton (a)
2 Watford (h)
9 West Ham United (a)
16 Crystal Palace (h)
23 Sunderland (a)
30 Norwich City (h)
7 Manchester City (a)
15 Aston Villa (h)
*All fixtures subject to change due to TV schedulingEdited by zocoss 17 Jun `15, 9:20PM
Tottenham Hotspur's Premier League fixtures 2015-16
8 Manchester United (a)
15 Stoke City (h)
22 Leicester City (a)
29 Everton (h)
12 Sunderland (a)
19 Crystal Palace (h)
26 Manchester City (h)
3 Swansea City (a)
17 Liverpool (h)
24 Bournemouth (a)
31 Aston Villa (h)
7 Arsenal (a)
21 West Ham United (h)
28 Chelsea (h)
5 West Bromwich Albion (a)
12 Newcastle United (h)
19 Southampton (a)
26 Norwich City (h)
28 Watford (a)
2 Everton (a)
13 Leicester City (h)
16 Sunderland (h)
23 Crystal Palace (a)
2 Norwich City (a)
6 Watford (h)
13 Manchester City (a)
27 Swansea City (h)
1 West Ham United (a)
5 Arsenal (h)
12 Aston Villa (a)
19 Bournemouth (h)
2 Liverpool (a)
9 Manchester United (h)
16 Stoke City (a)
23 West Bromwich Albion (h)
30 Chelsea (a)
7 Southampton (h)
15 Newcastle United (a)
*All fixtures subject to change due to TV schedulingEdited by zocoss 17 Jun `15, 9:21PM
Liverpool's Premier League fixtures 2014-15
8 Stoke City (a)
15 Bournemouth (h)
22 Arsenal (a)
29 West Ham United (h)
12 Manchester United (a)
19 Norwich City (h)
26 Aston Villa (h)
3 Everton (a)
17 Tottenham Hotspur (a)
24 Southampton (h)
31 Chelsea (a)
7 Crystal Palace (h)
21 Manchester City (a)
28 Swansea City (h)
5 Newcastle United (a)
12 West Bromwich Albion (h)
19 Watford (a)
26 Leicester City (h)
28 Sunderland (a)
02 West Ham United (a)
12 Arsenal (h)
16 Manchester United (h)
23 Norwich City (a)
2 Leicester City (a)
6 Sunderland (h)
13 Aston Villa (a)
27 Everton (h)
1 Manchester City (h)
5 Crystal Palace (a)
12 Chelsea (h)
19 Southampton (a)
2 Tottenham Hotspur (h)
9 Stoke City (h)
16 Bournemouth (a)
23 Newcastle United (h)
30 Swansea City (a)
7 Watford (h)
15 West Bromwich Albion (a)Edited by zocoss 17 Jun `15, 9:22PM
ENGLISH PREMIER LEAGUE FIXTURES FOR 2014 / 15.
16 August 2014
Arsenal v Crystal Palace
Burnley v Chelsea
Leicester City v Everton
Liverpool v Southampton
Manchester United v Swansea City
Newcastle United v Manchester City
Queens Park Rangers v Hull City
Stoke City v Aston Villa
West Bromwich Albion v Sunderland
West Ham United v Tottenham Hotspur
23 August 2014
Aston Villa v Newcastle United
Chelsea v Leicester City
Crystal Palace v West Ham United
Everton v Arsenal
Hull City v Stoke City
Manchester City v Liverpool
Southampton v West Bromwich Albion
Sunderland v Manchester United
Swansea City v Burnley
Tottenham Hotspur v Queens Park Rangers
30 August 2014
Aston Villa v Hull City
Burnley v Manchester United
Everton v Chelsea
Leicester City v Arsenal
Manchester City v Stoke City
Newcastle United v Crystal Palace
Queens Park Rangers v Sunderland
Swansea City v West Bromwich Albion
Tottenham Hotspur v Liverpool
West Ham United v Southampton
13 September 2014
Arsenal v Manchester City
Chelsea v Swansea City
Crystal Palace v Burnley
Hull City v West Ham United
Liverpool v Aston Villa
Manchester United v Queens Park Rangers
Southampton v Newcastle United
Stoke City v Leicester City
Sunderland v Tottenham Hotspur
West Bromwich Albion v Everton
20 September 2014
Aston Villa v Arsenal
Burnley v Sunderland
Everton v Crystal Palace
Leicester City v Manchester United
Manchester City v Chelsea
Newcastle United v Hull City
Queens Park Rangers v Stoke City
Swansea City v Southampton
Tottenham Hotspur v West Bromwich Albion
West Ham United v Liverpool
27 September 2014
Arsenal v Tottenham Hotspur
Chelsea v Aston Villa
Crystal Palace v Leicester City
Hull City v Manchester City
Liverpool v Everton
Manchester United v West Ham United
Southampton v Queens Park Rangers
Stoke City v Newcastle United
Sunderland v Swansea City
West Bromwich Albion v Burnley
4 October 2014
Aston Villa v Manchester City
Chelsea v Arsenal
Hull City v Crystal Palace
Leicester City v Burnley
Liverpool v West Bromwich Albion
Manchester United v Everton
Sunderland v Stoke City
Swansea City v Newcastle United
Tottenham Hotspur v Southampton
West Ham United v Queens Park Rangers
18 October 2014
Arsenal v Hull City
Burnley v West Ham United
Crystal Palace v Chelsea
Everton v Aston Villa
Manchester City v Tottenham Hotspur
Newcastle United v Leicester City
Queens Park Rangers v Liverpool
Southampton v Sunderland
Stoke City v Swansea City
West Bromwich Albion v Manchester United
25 October 2014
Burnley v Everton
Liverpool v Hull City
Manchester United v Chelsea
Queens Park Rangers v Aston Villa
Southampton v Stoke City
Sunderland v Arsenal
Swansea City v Leicester City
Tottenham Hotspur v Newcastle United
West Bromwich Albion v Crystal Palace
West Ham United v Manchester City
1 November 2014
Arsenal v Burnley
Aston Villa v Tottenham Hotspur
Chelsea v Queens Park Rangers
Crystal Palace v Sunderland
Everton v Swansea City
Hull City v Southampton
Leicester City v West Bromwich Albion
Manchester City v Manchester United
Newcastle United v Liverpool
Stoke City v West Ham United
8 November 2014
Burnley v Hull City
Liverpool v Chelsea
Manchester United v Crystal Palace
Queens Park Rangers v Manchester City
Southampton v Leicester City
Sunderland v Everton
Swansea City v Arsenal
Tottenham Hotspur v Stoke City
West Bromwich Albion v Newcastle United
West Ham United v Aston Villa
22 November 2014
Arsenal v Manchester United
Aston Villa v Southampton
Chelsea v West Bromwich Albion
Crystal Palace v Liverpool
Everton v West Ham United
Hull City v Tottenham Hotspur
Leicester City v Sunderland
Manchester City v Swansea City
Newcastle United v Queens Park Rangers
Stoke City v Burnley
29 November 2014
Burnley v Aston Villa
Liverpool v Stoke City
Manchester United v Hull City
Queens Park Rangers v Leicester City
Southampton v Manchester City
Sunderland v Chelsea
Swansea City v Crystal Palace
Tottenham Hotspur v Everton
West Bromwich Albion v Arsenal
West Ham United v Newcastle United
2 December 2014
Arsenal v Southampton, 7.45pm
Burnley v Newcastle United, 7.45pm
Crystal Palace v Aston Villa, 8pm
Leicester City v Liverpool, 7.45pm
Manchester United v Stoke City, 7.45pm
Swansea City v Queens Park Rangers, 7.45pm
West Bromwich Albion v West Ham United, 8pm
3 December 2014
Chelsea v Tottenham Hotspur, 7.45pm
Everton v Hull City, 7.45pm
Sunderland v Manchester City, 7.45pm
6 December 2014
Aston Villa v Leicester City
Hull City v West Bromwich Albion
Liverpool v Sunderland
Manchester City v Everton
Newcastle United v Chelsea
Queens Park Rangers v Burnley
Southampton v Manchester United
Stoke City v Arsenal
Tottenham Hotspur v Crystal Palace
West Ham United v Swansea City
13 December 2014
Arsenal v Newcastle United
Burnley v Southampton
Chelsea v Hull City
Crystal Palace v Stoke City
Everton v Queens Park Rangers
Leicester City v Manchester City
Manchester United v Liverpool
Sunderland v West Ham United
Swansea City v Tottenham Hotspur
West Bromwich Albion v Aston Villa
20 December 2014
Aston Villa v Manchester United
Hull City v Swansea City
Liverpool v Arsenal
Manchester City v Crystal Palace
Newcastle United v Sunderland
Queens Park Rangers v West Bromwich Albion
Southampton v Everton
Stoke City v Chelsea
Tottenham Hotspur v Burnley
West Ham United v Leicester City
26 December 2014
Arsenal v Queens Park Rangers
Burnley v Liverpool
Chelsea v West Ham United
Crystal Palace v Southampton
Everton v Stoke City
Leicester City v Tottenham Hotspur
Manchester United v Newcastle United
Sunderland v Hull City
Swansea City v Aston Villa
West Bromwich Albion v Manchester City
28 December 2014
Aston Villa v Sunderland
Hull City v Leicester City
Liverpool v Swansea City
Manchester City v Burnley
Newcastle United v Everton
Queens Park Rangers v Crystal Palace
Southampton v Chelsea
Stoke City v West Bromwich Albion
Tottenham Hotspur v Manchester United
West Ham United v Arsenal
1 January 2015
Aston Villa v Crystal Palace
Hull City v Everton
Liverpool v Leicester City
Manchester City v Sunderland
Newcastle United v Burnley
Queens Park Rangers v Swansea City
Southampton v Arsenal
Stoke City v Manchester United
Tottenham Hotspur v Chelsea
West Ham United v West Bromwich Albion
10 January 2015
Arsenal v Stoke City
Burnley v Queens Park Rangers
Chelsea v Newcastle United
Crystal Palace v Tottenham Hotspur
Everton v Manchester City
Leicester City v Aston Villa
Manchester United v Southampton
Sunderland v Liverpool
Swansea City v West Ham United
West Bromwich Albion v Hull City
17 January 2015
Aston Villa v Liverpool
Burnley v Crystal Palace
Everton v West Bromwich Albion
Leicester City v Stoke City
Manchester City v Arsenal
Newcastle United v Southampton
Queens Park Rangers v Manchester United
Swansea City v Chelsea
Tottenham Hotspur v Sunderland
West Ham United v Hull City
31 January 2015
Arsenal v Aston Villa
Chelsea v Manchester City
Crystal Palace v Everton
Hull City v Newcastle United
Liverpool v West Ham United
Manchester United v Leicester City
Southampton v Swansea City
Stoke City v Queens Park Rangers
Sunderland v Burnley
West Bromwich Albion v Tottenham Hotspur
7 February 2015
Aston Villa v Chelsea
Burnley v West Bromwich Albion
Everton v Liverpool
Leicester City v Crystal Palace
Manchester City v Hull City
Newcastle United v Stoke City
Queens Park Rangers v Southampton
Swansea City v Sunderland
Tottenham Hotspur v Arsenal
West Ham United v Manchester United
10 February 2015
Arsenal v Leicester City, 7.45pm
Crystal Palace v Newcastle United, 8pm
Hull City v Aston Villa, 7.45pm
Liverpool v Tottenham Hotspur, 8pm
Manchester United v Burnley, 7.45pm
Southampton v West Ham United, 7.45pm
West Bromwich Albion v Swansea City, 8pm
11 February 2015
Chelsea v Everton, 7.45pm
Stoke City v Manchester City, 7.45pm
Sunderland v Queens Park Rangers, 7.45pm
21 February 2015
Aston Villa v Stoke City
Chelsea v Burnley
Crystal Palace v Arsenal
Everton v Leicester City
Hull City v Queens Park Rangers
Manchester City v Newcastle United
Southampton v Liverpool
Sunderland v West Bromwich Albion
Swansea City v Manchester United
Tottenham Hotspur v West Ham United
28 February 2015
Arsenal v Everton
Burnley v Swansea City
Leicester City v Chelsea
Liverpool v Manchester City
Manchester United v Sunderland
Newcastle United v Aston Villa
Queens Park Rangers v Tottenham Hotspur
Stoke City v Hull City
West Bromwich Albion v Southampton
West Ham United v Crystal Palace
3 March 2015
Aston Villa v West Bromwich Albion, 7.45pm
Hull City v Sunderland, 7.45pm
Liverpool v Burnley, 8pm
Queens Park Rangers v Arsenal, 7.45pm
Southampton v Crystal Palace, 7.45pm
West Ham United v Chelsea, 7.45pm
4 March 2015
Manchester City v Leicester City, 7.45pm
Newcastle United v Manchester United, 7.45pm
Stoke City v Everton, 7.45pm
Tottenham Hotspur v Swansea City, 7.45pm
14 March 2015
Arsenal v West Ham United
Burnley v Manchester City
Chelsea v Southampton
Crystal Palace v Queens Park Rangers
Everton v Newcastle United
Leicester City v Hull City
Manchester United v Tottenham Hotspur
Sunderland v Aston Villa
Swansea City v Liverpool
West Bromwich Albion v Stoke City
21 March 2015
Aston Villa v Swansea City
Hull City v Chelsea
Liverpool v Manchester United
Manchester City v West Bromwich Albion
Newcastle United v Arsenal
Queens Park Rangers v Everton
Southampton v Burnley
Stoke City v Crystal Palace
Tottenham Hotspur v Leicester City
West Ham United v Sunderland
4 April 2015
Arsenal v Liverpool
Burnley v Tottenham Hotspur
Chelsea v Stoke City
Crystal Palace v Manchester City
Everton v Southampton
Leicester City v West Ham United
Manchester United v Aston Villa
Sunderland v Newcastle United
Swansea City v Hull City
West Bromwich Albion v Queens Park Rangers
11 April 2015
Burnley v Arsenal
Liverpool v Newcastle United
Manchester United v Manchester City
Queens Park Rangers v Chelsea
Southampton v Hull City
Sunderland v Crystal Palace
Swansea City v Everton
Tottenham Hotspur v Aston Villa
West Bromwich Albion v Leicester City
West Ham United v Stoke City
18 April 2015
Arsenal v Sunderland
Aston Villa v Queens Park Rangers
Chelsea v Manchester United
Crystal Palace v West Bromwich Albion
Everton v Burnley
Hull City v Liverpool
Leicester City v Swansea City
Manchester City v West Ham United
Newcastle United v Tottenham Hotspur
Stoke City v Southampton
25 April 2015
Arsenal v Chelsea
Burnley v Leicester City
Crystal Palace v Hull City
Everton v Manchester United
Manchester City v Aston Villa
Newcastle United v Swansea City
Queens Park Rangers v West Ham United
Southampton v Tottenham Hotspur
Stoke City v Sunderland
West Bromwich Albion v Liverpool
2 May 2015
Aston Villa v Everton
Chelsea v Crystal Palace
Hull City v Arsenal
Leicester City v Newcastle United
Liverpool v Queens Park Rangers
Manchester United v West Bromwich Albion
Sunderland v Southampton
Swansea City v Stoke City
Tottenham Hotspur v Manchester City
West Ham United v Burnley
9 May 2015
Arsenal v Swansea City
Aston Villa v West Ham United
Chelsea v Liverpool
Crystal Palace v Manchester United
Everton v Sunderland
Hull City v Burnley
Leicester City v Southampton
Manchester City v Queens Park Rangers
Newcastle United v West Bromwich Albion
Stoke City v Tottenham Hotspur
16 May 2015
Burnley v Stoke City
Liverpool v Crystal Palace
Manchester United v Arsenal
Queens Park Rangers v Newcastle United
Southampton v Aston Villa
Sunderland v Leicester City
Swansea City v Manchester City
Tottenham Hotspur v Hull City
West Bromwich Albion v Chelsea
West Ham United v Everton
24 May 2015
Arsenal v West Bromwich Albion
Aston Villa v Burnley
Chelsea v Sunderland
Crystal Palace v Swansea City
Everton v Tottenham Hotspur
Hull City v Manchester United
Leicester City v Queens Park Rangers
Manchester City v Southampton
Newcastle United v West Ham United
Stoke City v LiverpoolEdited by zocoss 21 Sep `14, 1:32PM
Edited by zocoss 13 Aug `12, 3:49PM
Great clubs need great coaches. It is now easier than ever to become a qualified coach through The FA's courses.
The first step to becoming a qualified coach is to enrol on a FA Coaching Course, which take place at both national sports centres and at every County FA.
Through FA Learning you can book and pay for any national course, view the details of local courses and download an application form, just by clicking on the link below.
FA Level 1 Club Coach
This is the UK's most popular coaching course and is the ideal introduction to coaching for all coaches with little experience or knowledge. The course is open entry and participants do not need any experience to take part, just an interest in coaching and the motivation to improve their skills and understanding.
FA Level 2 Club Coach
If you’re a coach with a few seasons coaching experience, you may wish to start at Level 2, as this is still an open entry course, although we do recommend that those taking part without the Level 1 qualification do have relevant coaching experience.
Research has shown there to have been a decline in the number of Male 11 a side Adult teams partly due to a lack of volunteers and coaches. One reason for this was a lack of appropriate, accessible training courses.
As a result a Working Group was set up to develop an appropriate training course for people working in the grassroots 11 a side game, which would be the first of its kind in the world.The Module was launched nationally in November 2003.
The module includes both theoretical and practical work looking at Administration, Ethics, Child Protection and Best Practice, Fitness and Nutrition, Coach and Player Development, Communication, Warm Ups, Cool Downs, Appropriate Coaching Practices and Action Planning.
Resources have been developed to support the Course of training and each student will receive a Video, Administration Handbook, Coaches Handbook Laws of the Game CD Rom as well as a Certificate of Attendance on completion of the module.
More on Coaching
By getting on the coaching ladder, individuals have the opportunity to progress up through the various FA Coaching qualifications while constantly enhancing their skills and knowledge. We hope that this will not only improve the ability of the individual but also the performance and enjoyment of the team.
Experience is essential for a coach as so much can be learned from the coaching field whether it be working with other coaches and learning from them or coaching different groups of players with mixed abilities.
A successful coach should always be open to new ideas and want to continually improve their individual skills and knowledge of the game. FA courses offer the perfect solution to all coaches who aim to improve their skills, knowledge, experience and enjoyment of the game.
THE FOUR STEPS TO BECOMING A TOP COACH
Edited by zocoss 18 Jun `09, 3:33PM
- Coaching Level 1
- Coaching Level 2
- Coaching Level 3 (UEFA 'B')
- UEFA 'A' Licence
WHAT IS A CRUCIATE LIGAMENT?
Many footballers have suffered recently from cruciate knee injuries.
It results in a lengthy period on the sidelines, but why is it so serious?WHAT IS A CRUCIATE LIGAMENT?
There are four main ligaments in the knee - one on either side and two across the middle.
- Medial collateral ligament (MCL)
- Lateral collateral ligament (LCL)
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
The ACL is behind the kneecap (patella) and is in front of the PCL.
It's the second strongest ligament in the knee and stabilises the joint, connecting the thigh bone (femur) and the leg bone (tibia).
The ACL and PCL limit the over straightening, over bending and rotation of the knee.
The average length of the ACL is around 35mm, weighing around 20g. The medial ligament is one the inside of the knee, with the lateral on the outside.
OPERATE OR NOT?
Surgery is not always essential when the ACL is ruptured. But in the case of a young sportsman looking to return to sport as soon as possible, it will be.
A middle aged or older person could recover without going under the surgeon's knife. However, it is believed that repairing the ligament can reduce the risk of getting arthritis in the joint later in life.
Surgeon's will usually graft tissue from either the patella or hamstring tendons to repair the ACL.
Basically the new tendon replaces the ACL and is usually attached to the bones above and below the knee by screws.
The success rate for such operations is high and while the injured person can soon be up and walking, running and twisting are some months further down the line.
ROAD TO RECOVERY
Medical expert Bevan Ellis says: "Many top athletes will go through an accelerated rehabilitation programme to get them back in action within six months. "It requires intensive physiotherapy which needs to be monitored very closely at every stage.
"For a typical person, an ACL injury would normally take between 8-12 months to get back to full fitness."
Phase one (0-2 weeks after surgery)
The knee will be swollen after the operation, so the first job is to reduce the swelling. After that, the physio will make the patient do a few light exercises like isometric contractions - keeping the leg still but moving the muscles around the knee.
Phase two (2-6 weeks after surgery)
The swelling should have disappeared, but the graft usually weakens around this time. The physio may have to back off from the rehabilitation programme until the ligament is up to more exercises.
The patient should be walking normally by then.
Phase three (6-12 weeks after surgery)
By this stage, the knee should be getting stronger and able to take more strain. The patient should be able to go swimming and use a road bike to get the knee back on track, as well as doing more strength exercises.
Phase three (3-6 months)
The patient will have their full range of movement and strength back, so they can start running properly once more. They should be able to get back to specific drills and training.
Phase four (6-12 months)
The patient should be able to return to playing sport with their surgeon's approval.Edited by zocoss 18 Jun `09, 3:35PM
One of European football's most historic competitions is being given a total makeover in 2009 following a decision from the UEFA Executive Committee in November 2007. The UEFA Cup, launched for the 1971/72 season, is to become the UEFA Europa League from the beginning of the 2009/10 campaign as work continues to enhance the image and profile of European club football's second club competition.
The main points of the new format are:
• The group stage is expanded to include 12 groups of four teams each. Each team plays the other three sides on a home-and-away basis, with the top two teams in each of the 12 groups progressing to the Round of 32.
• The titleholders and ten clubs eliminated from the UEFA Champions League play-off round qualify automatically for the group stage.
• Qualifying for the UEFA Europa League consists of four rounds. The domestic cup winners from the associations ranked 52 and 53 in the UEFA coefficient ranking, plus the domestic league runners-up from the associations ranked 35 to 51 (except Liechtenstein), the third-placed side from the associations ranked 22 to 51 (except Liechtenstein) and the three UEFA Fair Play winners enter the competition in the first qualifying round, which consists of two legs played on a home-and-away basis.
• The winners of those 25 ties are joined in the second qualifying round by the domestic cup winners from the associations ranked 28 to 51 in the UEFA coefficient, the runners-up from the associations ranked 19 to 34, the third-placed sides from the associations ranked 16 to 21, the fourth-placed sides from the associations ranked 10 to 15 and the fifth-placed sides from the associations ranked 7 to 9. These ties are also played over two legs, home and away.
• The victorious sides from those 40 ties progress to the third qualifying round, which also includes the domestic cup winners from the associations ranked 16 to 27, the domestic league runners-up from the associations ranked 16 to 18, the third-placed league side from the associations ranked 10 to 15, the fourth-placed side from the associations ranked 7 to 9, the fifth-placed side from the association ranked 4 to 6 and the sixth-placed side from the associations ranked 1 to 3. Again, these two legs are played home and away.
• The winners of these 35 ties are joined in the play-off round by the 15 losing teams from the UEFA Champions League third qualifying round. Also entering the competition at this stage are the domestic cup winners from the associations ranked 1 to 15, the third-placed league sides from the associations ranked 7 to 9, the fourth-placed team from the associations ranked 4 to 6 and the fifth-placed teams from the associations ranked 1 to 3.
• The 37 victorious sides from these two legs qualify for the UEFA Europa League group stage, which also includes the ten losing sides from the UEFA Champions League play-off round and the UEFA Europa League holders.
• The losing finalist for the domestic cup competition will still be entitled to be entered for the UEFA Europa League should the domestic cup winners qualify for the UEFA Champions League.
• The UEFA Europa League Round of 32 includes the top two teams from each of the 12 groups, plus the eight teams who finish in third position in their UEFA Champions League group. The winners of these 16 ties progress to the Round of 16, then the quarter-finals and subsequently the semi-finals.
• The final will be played on a Wednesday night in a single match at a neutral venue, kick-off 20.45CET.
• UEFA Europa League matches will be played on Thursday night in a week where there are UEFA Champions League matches, and on Wednesday and Thursday nights during weeks that are exclusive to the UEFA Europa League. There will be two kick-off times, in principle at 19.00 and 21.05CET according to local situations.
• There will be full centralisation of media rights from the UEFA Europa League group stage, involving non-exclusive presenting sponsor plus a centralised match ball for the group stage and full sponsorship centralisation (as for the UEFA Champions League) from the Round of 32 onwards.Edited by zocoss 09 Mar `09, 10:34AM
Edited by zocoss 13 Aug `12, 12:27PM
The 50 highest salaries of football players 2008/2009
One year on the first publication of the 50 highest salaries of footballers, the team's Football Finance back to update the table of best-paid players in the world. The note highlighted the table this year goes to the devaluation of the pound against the Euro, which has dropped in ranking some of the biggest stars to act in the Premier League. Moreover, there are some renewals of contracts of the best players from leagues Italian and Spanish, which significantly influenced the top of the list, this year no longer the domain of the English League for the remaining of Europe.
NOTES: The figures are the result of research conducted in more than 30 publications related to the football world. Among which, the largest online newspapers and magazines in countries from 7 major leagues worldwide. The figures are unofficial and approximate, being dependent on new contracts or contract renewals. May over time differences in relation to the figures because of exchange rate changes.
1 EUR = 0.886274 GBP 1 GBP = 1.12832 EUREdited by zocoss 11 Aug `09, 12:30AM
Edited by zocoss 19 Jun `11, 10:16AM
Edited by zocoss 26 Aug `11, 12:03PM
ENGLISH PREMIER LEAGUE
The Premier League is bringing in squad limits next year to 25 only, which are already operated in European competitions but is now coming to the Premier League.
There will be unlimited under-21s and other rules as well.
So their is a possibility managers will need to cut back on their squads or increase their numbers depends on how you look at it......
MAYEdited by zocoss 21 Sep `14, 2:18PM
A Take on Spain's La Liga
Domination by Barcelona and Real Madrid making Spain the new Scotland
La Liga claims to be the best league in the world, but beneath the glitz of the big two and lies a very different picture.
Former president of Real Zaragoza, says: "This is the dullest league in the world."
Barcelona have had plenty to celebrate of late but La Liga is not so properous. Photograph: Luis Gene/AFP/Getty Images
The headline was as alarmist as it was partisan. "The government," declared Spain's best-selling newspaper, "is trying to kill Spanish football." It was November 2009 and the Socialist party prime minister, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, announced an end to "the Beckham Law". The sports daily Marca, part of the right-leaning El Mundo group, was furious. Presidents of the country's biggest clubs threatened to lead a strike. At the Spanish League they were talking as if the four horsemen of the apocalypse had reared into view.
According to article 93 of law 35, originally introduced by the previous Partido Popular government in 2004, foreign executives earning more than €600,000 (£540,000) a year are taxed at 23%, rather than 43%. In theory, the aim was to encourage talent to come to Spain: in practice, following a modification in 2005, it gave Spanish football clubs, already boosted by the collapse of the pound, a huge advantage. Of the 60 people who qualify for the lower rate of tax, 43 are footballers.
Beckham was the first beneficiary of the new rate, hence the informal name. Or rather Real Madrid were, as he had agreed a net salary. Another Englishman, Jermaine Pennant, reveals the practical implications: Real Zaragoza pay him £49,200 a week; an English club would have to pay £80,000 to match his net salary. Cristiano Ronaldo's current salary would cost a Premier League club €5m more than it costs Real Madrid.
Now, suddenly, that privilege is being removed. The consequences will be dire. "If the government want a substandard league …" warned the league's vice-president, Javier Tebas.
Figures quickly emerged claiming that Spanish football generates 85,000 jobs and turns over €9,000m a year. The real cost to La Liga could be losing its hegemonic position, a "superiority" in which it revels.
"Objectively, Spanish football is the best in the world," announced the league's president, José Luis Astiazarán. "Spain won Euro 2008, Barça the European Cup, and our league's the best, superior to England." The arrival of Cristiano Ronaldo, Kaká, Karim Benzema and Zlatan Ibrahimovic last summer provided all the proof he needed. The best players in England, Italy and France had departed for Spain. More than €455m had been spent by Spanish clubs on transfers – a 72% increase, more than any other country. Ever.
But, insisted Astiazarán, those days could soon end. Never mind the fact that 43% still puts Spain's tax band below the 50% in the United Kingdom, revoking the Beckham Law will be the demise of the domestic game. "In a few years our league will be average because it won't attract the world's best," complained Tebas. "It is the end of the league of the stars." The law will be repealed from the new tax year but, at least, will not be applied retrospectively, so existing contracts are protected.
Tebas may even be right, and not only due to the Beckham Law, because beneath the glistening surface Spanish football is in crisis. According to José María Gay, Spain's leading expert on football finance and an adviser to Uefa: "La Liga is dying." The Osasuna president, Patxi Izco, admits: "I fear a financial meltdown." "Football," insists another director, "is seriously ill."
The €455m transfer spend disguises a troubling reality. Last year, despite winning the treble, Barcelona made only €8.8m and have a debt of €350m. Madrid signed €258m worth of players but only after their president, Florentino Pérez, turned to two friends who are both presidents of banks and who loaned Madrid €151.5m.
The argument is that their debts are serviceable. In fact, Pérez insists that high expenditure is necessary to generate money and Madrid have become the first club to take income beyond €400m. But doubts remain; costs outstrip income, shirt sales are lower than those of Liverpool and Chelsea; Bernabéu attendances are down 7%; and the debt stands at €683m. Publicly, Pérez insists: "Madrid must always remain a club owned by its members." Privately, the possibility of becoming a plc has been discussed.
But would that solve anything? The evidence suggests not. In the early 1990s, a new law obliged every club to become a plc, with four exceptions – Real Madrid, Barcelona, Athletic Bilbao and Osasuna, who were given special exemptions for socio-cultural reasons. Shares were issued and the slate wiped clean. It was supposed to be a panacea. The theory was simple: presidents would be more careful risking their own money. They were not. Often their fans would not let them.
"We're operating on a war economy," reveals one director, "but supporters don't see it like that. They just want to win." Jorge Pérez, the secretary of the Spanish Football Federation, admits that one director told him: "If I do a good job economically, we'll go down and they'll kill me." So he spent money he did not have. Only 8% of what football clubs spend on average can be covered by liquid assets.
Look back over the clubs who have competed in the Champions League recently and the situation is alarming: Valencia's debt is more than €600m. Like Real Madrid (who sold the their training ground for €447m to the council in 2001, wiping out their €278m debt), a property deal was supposed to be their salvation. However, the market crashed at just the wrong time. Now Valencia have two stadiums – one they cannot sell and another they cannot afford to finish building.
According to the third largest shareholder at Atlético Madrid, their debt is above €300m. Villarreal have just failed to pay their players for the first time because the ceramics industry from which their owner, Fernando Roig, makes his money has been hit hard by the crisis. Deportivo La Coruña are more than €120m in debt. Mallorca are desperately seeking a buyer and preparing for administration. Celta Vigo and Real Sociedad have been relegated and, with no parachute payment to break the fall, went into administration. Real Sociedad's president at the time was a certain Astiazarán, now the league's president.
"We need to avoid trying to compete with Madrid and Barcelona and sinking ourselves," says Ramón Monchi, sporting director at Sevilla. His club have been successful but there is concern, too: their success has been built on player sales, which requires continued success and a buoyant market. The latter has disappeared; the former depends on European qualification, hence last week's sacking of their coach, Manolo Jiménez.
In all, Gay calculates Spanish football's debt to be €3.5bn. The Spanish federation still owe the players' union €6.8m and, according to the former president of the union, Gerardo Movilla, an estimated €100m is still owed to footballers in unpaid wages. The state loses out, too: Atlético owe the tax man €15m; 50% of their transfer income is embargoed.
Michel Platini says there are five or six top-flight Spanish clubs in danger. Yet the danger is relative. The irony is that the lack of control also helps to protect the clubs from going out of business – in the short term at least.
As Spain's secretary of state for sport, Jaime Lissavetzky, puts it: "We need to be able to hand clubs yellow cards, a warning. But we have no coercive force. It's one thing taking the temperature, it's another handing out medicine." Even administration does not necessarily mean applying the brakes. While it is a last resort it is often a handy one, open to abuse. Unlike in England, there is no footballing penalty for going into administration.
The federal nature of the Spanish state, made up of autonomous communities, also offers a crutch upon which to lean. Madrid, Barcelona and Sevilla have all benefited from favourable property deals involving their local councils; Atlético plan to move to Madrid's municipally owned Olympic Stadium, selling the site upon which the Vicente Calderón stands to the council. Many clubs do not have that option: Sporting, Racing, Almería, Getafe, Deportivo, Málaga, and Valladolid all play in municipal stadiums.
Valencia have been propped up by Bancaja, their principal creditor, to whom they owe €220m and who, despite the club's mounting debt, backed a share issue to the tune of €95m. "Without them we would have gone down to Second Division B," admits their president, Manolo Llorente. Bancaja are a savings bank and they do not want to upset customers by sending their club to the wall. As one director of another savings bank puts it: "Clubs have an emotional power they use as a kind of blackmail." When Sporting Gijón went into administration, Gijón council bought their "brand image". As one insider puts it: "The council could not let us disappear; Gijón without Sporting is not Gijón."
Whether or not clubs go into administration, they can never compete with the big two. Remove Madrid and Barcelona and there was a 40% decrease in summer spending. Only five clubs spent over €5m. During the winter transfer window only three clubs spent anything. But how can you ignore Madrid and Barcelona? They are La Liga. That is the problem.
According to reliable statistics Madrid have 13.2m fans while Barcelona have 10.4m. Valencia are third with 2.1m. Nearly two-thirds of all football fans in Spain support one of the big two. And supporters of other clubs almost invariably choose Madrid or Barcelona as a "second" team.
The Madrid-Barça dichotomy is self-perpetuating. The media insist they are giving people what they want, that theirs is a business decision. The editor of one newspaper admits: "Every Madrid win is 10,000 more in sales." El País's match reports for Sevilla and Villarreal the day after the clásico contained a total of no words. The director of one television channel insists it would be a "disaster" for the channel if anyone other than Madrid or Barça won the league.
The dominance is felt most on TV – and that is the crux of the issue, the precarious foundation upon which Spanish football is built. Unlike elsewhere – and even Italy is going collective – Spanish clubs negotiate individual television deals. "The lack of a centralised deal is the biggest problem we face," Tebas says. The reason is clear. Madrid and Barcelona will earn approximately €120m in rights each year until 2013. Last season's third-placed side, Sevilla earn around €20m; Valencia, currently third, make under €30m – less than Portsmouth. Right throughout the league, the imbalance is extraordinary. Competing is impossible.
The problem is the league are powerless to impose a collective deal, although they continue trying. Just as their plans – announced last week – to impose salary cuts and wage limits on clubs can only get the go-ahead if the clubs themselves, and Madrid and Barcelona in particular, agree to them.
"It's not normal to have two clubs earning 15 times more," says Villarreal's Roig, "and it's going to be very hard to get the clubs to agree to change now. There's no unity, the league has a very difficult role. I'm not worried about Sheikhs [pumping money into England], I'm worried about our own organisation."
An insider at Sevilla adds: "The mentality of every club is always purely selfish and we're not sure that it would be beneficial for us [to campaign for change]. If we push for unity we might lose our position as the third or fourth biggest club: we could get closer to Madrid and Barcelona, but we would also see smaller clubs come closer to us."
Perhaps the most fearful remark about La Liga's "big two" problem comes from Sevilla's sporting director, Monchi. "Spain," he says "reminds me of Scotland."
In 2008, the then British culture secretary Andy Burham warned of the risk of the Premier League becoming too predictable. "In the US, the most free-market country in the world, they understand that the equal distribution of money creates genuine competition," he said. Spain provides further proof from the other end of the scale. But few see it and few debate it – after all, much of the media lives off the duopoly too.
One headline in Spain recently declared: "La Liga becomes the best in Europe." The "evidence" was two-fold: Madrid and Barcelona's place at the head of Deloitte & Touche's rich list; and the "big two" racking up more points than any other team in Europe. A closer read suggests the exact opposite. Madrid and Barcelona were at the top but there was not one other Spanish club among the leading 20 and their points totals – a record at both clubs – suggest that while they are good sides, maybe the teams they are playing against are not. Valencia, third going into this weekend, were 18 points behind. No other major league has such a gap.
"We need to recognise that the smaller clubs are necessary for the competition," says Roig. "After all, 15 clásicos at the Bernabéu and 15 at the Camp Nou would be a bit boring wouldn't it?"
Some of his counterparts believe it is already too late.
Eduardo Bandrés, a former president of Real Zaragoza, says: "This is the dullest league in the world."Edited by zocoss 29 Mar `10, 11:49AM
La Liga debts reach £3bn to leave Spanish game in crisis
• La Liga clubs owe £3.03bn according to university study
• Wages outstrip income at Sevilla, Atlético and Valencia
Barcelona players celebrate at the Estadio Ramon Sanchez Pizjuan. Photograph: Denis Doyle/Getty Images
The debate over which league has the better players is sure to continue but off the pitch La Liga is also competing with the Premier League for the unwanted accolade of most indebted top flight.
Less than 24 hours after a Guardian investigation revealed that Premier League clubs were carrying combined debts of £2.9bn, a Spanish academic study put the figure among all 20 La Liga clubs at €3.53bn (£3.03bn).
Debt among Spanish clubs had risen marginally in accounts for the 2008-09 season from the previous year's figure of €3.49bn, according to research by the University of Barcelona professor José María Gay. Of the 20 La Liga clubs, only the two huge teams that dominate income and exposure – Real Madrid and Barcelona – and the relegated minnows Numancia made an operating profit.
Labour costs, largely accounted for by player wages, made up 85% of total operating income. At several clubs – including Sevilla, Atlético Madrid and Valencia – outgoings on wages were significantly higher than their operating income.
Unlike the Premier League, where a collective television deal means that broadcasting income is divided equally between all 20 clubs and weighted according to the number of appearances and final league position, Spanish clubs conduct their own negotiations. That has led to an unbalanced situation where Real Madrid and Barcelona were able to bring in half of their ¤560m income from media rights.
With rival clubs clamouring for a Premier League-style collective deal but the big two resisting for fear of damaging their competitiveness in the Champions League, Gay suggested that the status quo would have to change or the Spanish game would be left in its "death throes".
"Barça and Madrid will have to make an effort, sacrificing today so the league can flourish," Gay said. "One step back, several forward. If this does not happen, the league will be in its death throes."
This season Barcelona beat Real Madrid to the La Liga title by three points, with Valencia finishing a distant third, 28 points behind the champions. "Who can win the league? The answer is obvious: Barça or Madrid. Madrid or Barça," added Gay. "Nobody else. Maybe now is the right time to renegotiate the rules of the economic game between all the protagonists."
Gay said that the current model was unsustainable. "Let's not kid ourselves, Spanish football is in a very difficult situation, like our economy," he wrote. "You can't spend more than you earn. This is the fundamental rule for economic survival."
The economic woes of the Spanish game were highlighted yesterday when Real Mallorca, who only narrowly missed out on qualifying for the Champions League on the final day of the season, said they would file for voluntary administration within the next few days. The club has been labouring under debts of ¤85m and has failed in its attempts to find a buyer.
Real Mallorca have been up for sale since the former president Vicenç Grande's property company filed for insolvency in 2008. Mateu Alemany, the managing director and majority shareholder, said the move would "open up positive opportunities" and was "a solution not a problem". He added: "There will be a philosophy of austerity. The insolvency will affect the entire first-team squad...and those who earn the most."Edited by zocoss 20 May `10, 2:33PM
Abolition of the The Beckham Law hits Ron in the pocket
Ron hit in pocket, and gets a rocketTARGET Ron... Spain's new top rate of income tax forcing top stars to cough up more than half their wages
CRISTIANO RONALDO'S future at Real Madrid is unclear because of Spain's new top rate of income tax.
Premier League bigwigs owe a big debt to Spain's government for abolishing Beckham's Law and forcing top stars to cough up more than half their wages.
Last year the Spanish government scrapped a loophole named after David Beckham that allowed elite foreign workers — including professional sportsmen — to pay 24 per cent tax, HALF the top rate in Spain.
Becks was the first to benefit after its introduction just before his 2003 switch from Manchester United.
But news this week La Liga's high earners will pay 54 per cent of their earnings to the taxman means the Prem can now compete to attract the best in the world again.
Jose Maria Gay, economics professor at the University of Catalunya, said: "Now foreign players will be more expensive.
"Before, thanks to the cushy Beckham Law, we were among those who paid the least in that area and now we are among those who pay the most.
"It is 54 per cent — 56 per cent in Catalunya.
"The repeal of the Beckham Law along with the rise in income tax is a bad joke."
Spain's big-hitters are faced with disastrous consequences.
Real Madrid and Barcelona's wage bills stand to increase by tens of millions and already the effects are starting to show.
Eric Abidal is out of contract at the Nou Camp in the summer and he's stalled on a new deal because of the tax rise.Edited by zocoss 15 Jan `12, 12:07PM
Edited by zocoss 20 Aug `12, 1:35PM