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5 Basic Types of Wine

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  • Lucaris's Avatar
    12 posts since Jun '16
    • Basic Wine

      Knowing main types of wine is the first good step to start knowing the world of wine. Although many people may think that identifying wines into such the red or white wine can be as simple as using your eye to classify the color, each wine type actually has its own character and identity which according to grape varieties and wine region and also including tannin level, aroma and bouquet, sweet, and alcohol level which all affect the flavors in some way.


      1. White Wine

      White wine is a type of wine such as Chardonnay, Riesling, and Sauvignon Blanc.


      Many of you may understand that white wine is made of white grapes alone, but actually it can be either red or black grapes. The exact way to make white wine is to extract the red pigments away and utilize on grape juice only. Mostly, white wine will provide flavor character including bright, savory, and creamy based on the inputs. Recommended varieties for wine beginners are Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc and Moscato.


      2. Red Wine

      Red wine is a type of wine such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Pinot Nior.

      Production of red wine is quite similar to making white wine but only with the addition of grape skin, grape pip and seed incorporated into the fermentation process. Red wine will be fermented in higher temperature, to extract color, tannin, aroma and flavors with different level of concentration varies by duration of fermentation.

      Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and Zinfandel can also be a good choice to start with for wine beginners.


      3. Rose Wine

      Rose wine is a type of wine with a pink rose color is made from red or black grape

      Rose wine with a pink rose color is made from red or black grape with a short fermentation time, about 12-36 hours only. However, there is another popular style to make this Rose, by just straight away blending red wine and white wine together. The flavor of this wine ranges from dry to sweet and comes with a pale to dark pink color and a lower level of tannin.


      4. Dessert or Sweet Wine

      Dessert or sweet wine is a type of wine such as Port, Tawny or Sherry.

      There is no constant definition for Dessert or Sweet wine. Mostly, it is because of the character of sweetness itself with the occasion of serving with desserts after the meal. But in some countries such as United Kingdom, people usually drink sweet white wine as an aperitif, before the meal, and sweet red wine to rinse their palate after. Sweet wine can be categorized into Port, Tawny, or Sherry and so on.


      5. Sparkling Wine

      Sparkling wine is a type of wine such as Cava, Asti, Prosecco and champagne.

      When thinking of Sparkling wine, we will be reminded of a celebration. The sparkling bubbles from carbon dioxide (CO2) occur naturally or specifically are added during the fermentation process.

      Sparkling wine can be categorized further by region, for example; Cava in Spain, Asti or Prosecco from Italy and Champagne from the Champagne region in France.


      The content in this article helps you choose the wine you prefer matching the right glass and food. If you want to learn more in details about wine culture, we encourage you to read these stories. Start with "Popular varieties of grapes used to make wine", and "Wine Region".

      Edited by Lucaris 23 Jun `16, 5:48PM
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