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    One of European football's most historic competitions is being given a total makeover in 2009 following a decision from the UEFA Executive Committee in November 2007. The UEFA Cup, launched for the 1971/72 season, is to become the UEFA Europa League from the beginning of the 2009/10 campaign as work continues to enhance the image and profile of European club football's second club competition.

    The main points of the new format are:

    • The group stage is expanded to include 12 groups of four teams each. Each team plays the other three sides on a home-and-away basis, with the top two teams in each of the 12 groups progressing to the Round of 32.

    • The titleholders and ten clubs eliminated from the UEFA Champions League play-off round qualify automatically for the group stage.

    • Qualifying for the UEFA Europa League consists of four rounds. The domestic cup winners from the associations ranked 52 and 53 in the UEFA coefficient ranking, plus the domestic league runners-up from the associations ranked 35 to 51 (except Liechtenstein), the third-placed side from the associations ranked 22 to 51 (except Liechtenstein) and the three UEFA Fair Play winners enter the competition in the first qualifying round, which consists of two legs played on a home-and-away basis.

    • The winners of those 25 ties are joined in the second qualifying round by the domestic cup winners from the associations ranked 28 to 51 in the UEFA coefficient, the runners-up from the associations ranked 19 to 34, the third-placed sides from the associations ranked 16 to 21, the fourth-placed sides from the associations ranked 10 to 15 and the fifth-placed sides from the associations ranked 7 to 9. These ties are also played over two legs, home and away.

    • The victorious sides from those 40 ties progress to the third qualifying round, which also includes the domestic cup winners from the associations ranked 16 to 27, the domestic league runners-up from the associations ranked 16 to 18, the third-placed league side from the associations ranked 10 to 15, the fourth-placed side from the associations ranked 7 to 9, the fifth-placed side from the association ranked 4 to 6 and the sixth-placed side from the associations ranked 1 to 3. Again, these two legs are played home and away.

    • The winners of these 35 ties are joined in the play-off round by the 15 losing teams from the UEFA Champions League third qualifying round. Also entering the competition at this stage are the domestic cup winners from the associations ranked 1 to 15, the third-placed league sides from the associations ranked 7 to 9, the fourth-placed team from the associations ranked 4 to 6 and the fifth-placed teams from the associations ranked 1 to 3.

    • The 37 victorious sides from these two legs qualify for the UEFA Europa League group stage, which also includes the ten losing sides from the UEFA Champions League play-off round and the UEFA Europa League holders.

    • The losing finalist for the domestic cup competition will still be entitled to be entered for the UEFA Europa League should the domestic cup winners qualify for the UEFA Champions League.

    • The UEFA Europa League Round of 32 includes the top two teams from each of the 12 groups, plus the eight teams who finish in third position in their UEFA Champions League group. The winners of these 16 ties progress to the Round of 16, then the quarter-finals and subsequently the semi-finals.

    • The final will be played on a Wednesday night in a single match at a neutral venue, kick-off 20.45CET.

    • UEFA Europa League matches will be played on Thursday night in a week where there are UEFA Champions League matches, and on Wednesday and Thursday nights during weeks that are exclusive to the UEFA Europa League. There will be two kick-off times, in principle at 19.00 and 21.05CET according to local situations.

    • There will be full centralisation of media rights from the UEFA Europa League group stage, involving non-exclusive presenting sponsor plus a centralised match ball for the group stage and full sponsorship centralisation (as for the UEFA Champions League) from the Round of 32 onwards.


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    The 50 highest salaries of football players 2008/2009



    One year on the first publication of the 50 highest salaries of footballers, the team's Football Finance back to update the table of best-paid players in the world. The note highlighted the table this year goes to the devaluation of the pound against the Euro, which has dropped in ranking some of the biggest stars to act in the Premier League. Moreover, there are some renewals of contracts of the best players from leagues Italian and Spanish, which significantly influenced the top of the list, this year no longer the domain of the English League for the remaining of Europe.


    NOTES: The figures are the result of research conducted in more than 30 publications related to the football world. Among which, the largest online newspapers and magazines in countries from 7 major leagues worldwide. The figures are unofficial and approximate, being dependent on new contracts or contract renewals. May over time differences in relation to the figures because of exchange rate changes.


    1 EUR = 0.886274 GBP 1 GBP = 1.12832 EUR



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  • Josh19




    The top earners


    1. Tiger Woods (golf) £41m 

    2. Phil Mickelson (golf) £39.4m 

    3. Roger Federer (tennis) £34m 

    4. Manny Pacquiao (boxing) £33.8m 

    5. Fernando Alonso (F1) £29m 

    6. LeBron James (basketball) £28.7m 

    7. Lionel Messi (football) £28.2m 

    8. Cristiano Ronaldo (football) £25m 

    9. Peyton Manning (gridiron) £24.5m 

    10. Alex Rodriguez (baseball) £23.2m 

    11. Yao Ming (basketball) £22.9m 

    12. Kobe Bryant (basketball) £22.4m 

    13. Kevin Garnett (basketball) £21.1m 

    14. Matt Ryan (gridiron) £21m 

    15. Rafa Nadal (tennis) £20.3m 

    16. Tom Brady (gridiron) £19.3m 

    17. Valentino Rossi (m'cycling) £19.2m 

    18. Wayne Rooney (football) £18.8m 

    19. Dwight Howard (basketball) £18.5m 

    20. Dwyane Wade (basketball) £18.2m


    Other British or Premier League stars featuring in the Fortunate 50:


    23. David Beckham (football) £17.2m 

    29. Lewis Hamilton (F1) £15.4m 

    39. Carlos Tevez (football) £14m 

    49. Frank Lampard (football) £12.9m


  • zocoss






    The Premier League is bringing in squad limits next year to 25 only, which are already operated in European competitions but is now coming to the Premier League.

    There will be unlimited under-21s and other rules as well.

    So their is a possibility managers will need to cut back on their squads or increase their numbers depends on how you look at it......

















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    A Take on Spain's La Liga


    Domination by Barcelona and Real Madrid making Spain the new Scotland


    La Liga claims to be the best league in the world, but beneath the glitz of the big two and lies a very different picture.

    Former president of Real Zaragoza, says: "This is the dullest league in the world."



    Barcelona have had plenty to celebrate of late but La Liga is not so properous. Photograph: Luis Gene/AFP/Getty Images




    The headline was as alarmist as it was partisan. "The government," declared Spain's best-selling newspaper, "is trying to kill Spanish football." It was November 2009 and the Socialist party prime minister, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, announced an end to "the Beckham Law". The sports daily Marca, part of the right-leaning El Mundo group, was furious. Presidents of the country's biggest clubs threatened to lead a strike. At the Spanish League they were talking as if the four horsemen of the apocalypse had reared into view.

    According to article 93 of law 35, originally introduced by the previous Partido Popular government in 2004, foreign executives earning more than €600,000 (£540,000) a year are taxed at 23%, rather than 43%. In theory, the aim was to encourage talent to come to Spain: in practice, following a modification in 2005, it gave Spanish football clubs, already boosted by the collapse of the pound, a huge advantage. Of the 60 people who qualify for the lower rate of tax, 43 are footballers.

    Beckham was the first beneficiary of the new rate, hence the informal name. Or rather Real Madrid were, as he had agreed a net salary. Another Englishman, Jermaine Pennant, reveals the practical implications: Real Zaragoza pay him £49,200 a week; an English club would have to pay £80,000 to match his net salary. Cristiano Ronaldo's current salary would cost a Premier League club €5m more than it costs Real Madrid.

    Now, suddenly, that privilege is being removed. The consequences will be dire. "If the government want a substandard league …" warned the league's vice-president, Javier Tebas.

    Figures quickly emerged claiming that Spanish football generates 85,000 jobs and turns over €9,000m a year. The real cost to La Liga could be losing its hegemonic position, a "superiority" in which it revels.

    "Objectively, Spanish football is the best in the world," announced the league's president, José Luis Astiazarán. "Spain won Euro 2008, Barça the European Cup, and our league's the best, superior to England." The arrival of Cristiano Ronaldo, Kaká, Karim Benzema and Zlatan Ibrahimovic last summer provided all the proof he needed. The best players in England, Italy and France had departed for Spain. More than €455m had been spent by Spanish clubs on transfers – a 72% increase, more than any other country. Ever.

    But, insisted Astiazarán, those days could soon end. Never mind the fact that 43% still puts Spain's tax band below the 50% in the United Kingdom, revoking the Beckham Law will be the demise of the domestic game. "In a few years our league will be average because it won't attract the world's best," complained Tebas. "It is the end of the league of the stars." The law will be repealed from the new tax year but, at least, will not be applied retrospectively, so existing contracts are protected.

    Tebas may even be right, and not only due to the Beckham Law, because beneath the glistening surface Spanish football is in crisis. According to José María Gay, Spain's leading expert on football finance and an adviser to Uefa: "La Liga is dying." The Osasuna president, Patxi Izco, admits: "I fear a financial meltdown." "Football," insists another director, "is seriously ill."

    The €455m transfer spend disguises a troubling reality. Last year, despite winning the treble, Barcelona made only €8.8m and have a debt of €350m. Madrid signed €258m worth of players but only after their president, Florentino Pérez, turned to two friends who are both presidents of banks and who loaned Madrid €151.5m.

    The argument is that their debts are serviceable. In fact, Pérez insists that high expenditure is necessary to generate money and Madrid have become the first club to take income beyond €400m. But doubts remain; costs outstrip income, shirt sales are lower than those of Liverpool and Chelsea; Bernabéu attendances are down 7%; and the debt stands at €683m. Publicly, Pérez insists: "Madrid must always remain a club owned by its members." Privately, the possibility of becoming a plc has been discussed.

    But would that solve anything? The evidence suggests not. In the early 1990s, a new law obliged every club to become a plc, with four exceptions – Real Madrid, Barcelona, Athletic Bilbao and Osasuna, who were given special exemptions for socio-cultural reasons. Shares were issued and the slate wiped clean. It was supposed to be a panacea. The theory was simple: presidents would be more careful risking their own money. They were not. Often their fans would not let them.

    "We're operating on a war economy," reveals one director, "but supporters don't see it like that. They just want to win." Jorge Pérez, the secretary of the Spanish Football Federation, admits that one director told him: "If I do a good job economically, we'll go down and they'll kill me." So he spent money he did not have. Only 8% of what football clubs spend on average can be covered by liquid assets.

    Look back over the clubs who have competed in the Champions League recently and the situation is alarming: Valencia's debt is more than €600m. Like Real Madrid (who sold the their training ground for €447m to the council in 2001, wiping out their €278m debt), a property deal was supposed to be their salvation. However, the market crashed at just the wrong time. Now Valencia have two stadiums – one they cannot sell and another they cannot afford to finish building.

    According to the third largest shareholder at Atlético Madrid, their debt is above €300m. Villarreal have just failed to pay their players for the first time because the ceramics industry from which their owner, Fernando Roig, makes his money has been hit hard by the crisis. Deportivo La Coruña are more than €120m in debt. Mallorca are desperately seeking a buyer and preparing for administration. Celta Vigo and Real Sociedad have been relegated and, with no parachute payment to break the fall, went into administration. Real Sociedad's president at the time was a certain Astiazarán, now the league's president.

    "We need to avoid trying to compete with Madrid and Barcelona and sinking ourselves," says Ramón Monchi, sporting director at Sevilla. His club have been successful but there is concern, too: their success has been built on player sales, which requires continued success and a buoyant market. The latter has disappeared; the former depends on European qualification, hence last week's sacking of their coach, Manolo Jiménez.

    In all, Gay calculates Spanish football's debt to be €3.5bn. The Spanish federation still owe the players' union €6.8m and, according to the former president of the union, Gerardo Movilla, an estimated €100m is still owed to footballers in unpaid wages. The state loses out, too: Atlético owe the tax man €15m; 50% of their transfer income is embargoed.

    Michel Platini says there are five or six top-flight Spanish clubs in danger. Yet the danger is relative. The irony is that the lack of control also helps to protect the clubs from going out of business – in the short term at least.

    As Spain's secretary of state for sport, Jaime Lissavetzky, puts it: "We need to be able to hand clubs yellow cards, a warning. But we have no coercive force. It's one thing taking the temperature, it's another handing out medicine." Even administration does not necessarily mean applying the brakes. While it is a last resort it is often a handy one, open to abuse. Unlike in England, there is no footballing penalty for going into administration.

    The federal nature of the Spanish state, made up of autonomous communities, also offers a crutch upon which to lean. Madrid, Barcelona and Sevilla have all benefited from favourable property deals involving their local councils; Atlético plan to move to Madrid's municipally owned Olympic Stadium, selling the site upon which the Vicente Calderón stands to the council. Many clubs do not have that option: Sporting, Racing, Almería, Getafe, Deportivo, Málaga, and Valladolid all play in municipal stadiums.

    Valencia have been propped up by Bancaja, their principal creditor, to whom they owe €220m and who, despite the club's mounting debt, backed a share issue to the tune of €95m. "Without them we would have gone down to Second Division B," admits their president, Manolo Llorente. Bancaja are a savings bank and they do not want to upset customers by sending their club to the wall. As one director of another savings bank puts it: "Clubs have an emotional power they use as a kind of blackmail." When Sporting Gijón went into administration, Gijón council bought their "brand image". As one insider puts it: "The council could not let us disappear; Gijón without Sporting is not Gijón."

    Whether or not clubs go into administration, they can never compete with the big two. Remove Madrid and Barcelona and there was a 40% decrease in summer spending. Only five clubs spent over €5m. During the winter transfer window only three clubs spent anything. But how can you ignore Madrid and Barcelona? They are La Liga. That is the problem.

    According to reliable statistics Madrid have 13.2m fans while Barcelona have 10.4m. Valencia are third with 2.1m. Nearly two-thirds of all football fans in Spain support one of the big two. And supporters of other clubs almost invariably choose Madrid or Barcelona as a "second" team.

    The Madrid-Barça dichotomy is self-perpetuating. The media insist they are giving people what they want, that theirs is a business decision. The editor of one newspaper admits: "Every Madrid win is 10,000 more in sales." El País's match reports for Sevilla and Villarreal the day after the clásico contained a total of no words. The director of one television channel insists it would be a "disaster" for the channel if anyone other than Madrid or Barça won the league.

    The dominance is felt most on TV – and that is the crux of the issue, the precarious foundation upon which Spanish football is built. Unlike elsewhere – and even Italy is going collective – Spanish clubs negotiate individual television deals. "The lack of a centralised deal is the biggest problem we face," Tebas says. The reason is clear. Madrid and Barcelona will earn approximately €120m in rights each year until 2013. Last season's third-placed side, Sevilla earn around €20m; Valencia, currently third, make under €30m – less than Portsmouth. Right throughout the league, the imbalance is extraordinary. Competing is impossible.

    The problem is the league are powerless to impose a collective deal, although they continue trying. Just as their plans – announced last week – to impose salary cuts and wage limits on clubs can only get the go-ahead if the clubs themselves, and Madrid and Barcelona in particular, agree to them.

    "It's not normal to have two clubs earning 15 times more," says Villarreal's Roig, "and it's going to be very hard to get the clubs to agree to change now. There's no unity, the league has a very difficult role. I'm not worried about Sheikhs [pumping money into England], I'm worried about our own organisation."

    An insider at Sevilla adds: "The mentality of every club is always purely selfish and we're not sure that it would be beneficial for us [to campaign for change]. If we push for unity we might lose our position as the third or fourth biggest club: we could get closer to Madrid and Barcelona, but we would also see smaller clubs come closer to us."

    Perhaps the most fearful remark about La Liga's "big two" problem comes from Sevilla's sporting director, Monchi. "Spain," he says "reminds me of Scotland."

    In 2008, the then British culture secretary Andy Burham warned of the risk of the Premier League becoming too predictable. "In the US, the most free-market country in the world, they understand that the equal distribution of money creates genuine competition," he said. Spain provides further proof from the other end of the scale. But few see it and few debate it – after all, much of the media lives off the duopoly too.

    One headline in Spain recently declared: "La Liga becomes the best in Europe." The "evidence" was two-fold: Madrid and Barcelona's place at the head of Deloitte & Touche's rich list; and the "big two" racking up more points than any other team in Europe. A closer read suggests the exact opposite. Madrid and Barcelona were at the top but there was not one other Spanish club among the leading 20 and their points totals – a record at both clubs – suggest that while they are good sides, maybe the teams they are playing against are not. Valencia, third going into this weekend, were 18 points behind. No other major league has such a gap.

    "We need to recognise that the smaller clubs are necessary for the competition," says Roig. "After all, 15 clásicos at the Bernabéu and 15 at the Camp Nou would be a bit boring wouldn't it?"

    Some of his counterparts believe it is already too late.

    Eduardo Bandrés, a former president of Real Zaragoza, says: "This is the dullest league in the world."

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    La Liga debts reach £3bn to leave Spanish game in crisis

    • La Liga clubs owe £3.03bn according to university study
    • Wages outstrip income at Sevilla, Atlético and Valencia


    Barcelona players celebrate

    Barcelona players celebrate at the Estadio Ramon Sanchez Pizjuan. Photograph: Denis Doyle/Getty Images

    The debate over which league has the better players is sure to continue but off the pitch La Liga is also competing with the Premier League for the unwanted accolade of most indebted top flight.

    Less than 24 hours after a Guardian investigation revealed that Premier League clubs were carrying combined debts of £2.9bn, a Spanish academic study put the figure among all 20 La Liga clubs at €3.53bn (£3.03bn).

    Debt among Spanish clubs had risen marginally in accounts for the 2008-09 season from the previous year's figure of €3.49bn, according to research by the University of Barcelona professor José María Gay. Of the 20 La Liga clubs, only the two huge teams that dominate income and exposure – Real Madrid and Barcelona – and the relegated minnows Numancia made an operating profit.

    Labour costs, largely accounted for by player wages, made up 85% of total operating income. At several clubs – including Sevilla, Atlético Madrid and Valencia – outgoings on wages were significantly higher than their operating income.

    Unlike the Premier League, where a collective television deal means that broadcasting income is divided equally between all 20 clubs and weighted according to the number of appearances and final league position, Spanish clubs conduct their own negotiations. That has led to an unbalanced situation where Real Madrid and Barcelona were able to bring in half of their ¤560m income from media rights.

    With rival clubs clamouring for a Premier League-style collective deal but the big two resisting for fear of damaging their competitiveness in the Champions League, Gay suggested that the status quo would have to change or the Spanish game would be left in its "death throes".

    "Barça and Madrid will have to make an effort, sacrificing today so the league can flourish," Gay said. "One step back, several forward. If this does not happen, the league will be in its death throes."

    This season Barcelona beat Real Madrid to the La Liga title by three points, with Valencia finishing a distant third, 28 points behind the champions. "Who can win the league? The answer is obvious: Barça or Madrid. Madrid or Barça," added Gay. "Nobody else. Maybe now is the right time to renegotiate the rules of the economic game between all the protagonists."

    Gay said that the current model was unsustainable. "Let's not kid ourselves, Spanish football is in a very difficult situation, like our economy," he wrote. "You can't spend more than you earn. This is the fundamental rule for economic survival."

    The economic woes of the Spanish game were highlighted yesterday when Real Mallorca, who only narrowly missed out on qualifying for the Champions League on the final day of the season, said they would file for voluntary administration within the next few days. The club has been labouring under debts of ¤85m and has failed in its attempts to find a buyer.

    Real Mallorca have been up for sale since the former president Vicenç Grande's property company filed for insolvency in 2008. Mateu Alemany, the managing director and majority shareholder, said the move would "open up positive opportunities" and was "a solution not a problem". He added: "There will be a philosophy of austerity. The insolvency will affect the entire first-team squad...and those who earn the most."

  • zocoss

    Abolition of the The Beckham Law hits Ron in the pocket

    Ron hit in pocket, and gets a rocket

    TARGET ... boo-boys have gone for Ron
    TARGET Ron... Spain's new top rate of income tax forcing top stars to cough up more than half their wages




    CRISTIANO RONALDO'S future at Real Madrid is unclear because of Spain's new top rate of income tax.

    Premier League bigwigs owe a big debt to Spain's government for abolishing Beckham's Law and forcing top stars to cough up more than half their wages.

    Last year the Spanish government scrapped a loophole named after David Beckham that allowed elite foreign workers — including professional sportsmen — to pay 24 per cent tax, HALF the top rate in Spain.

    Becks was the first to benefit after its introduction just before his 2003 switch from Manchester United.

    But news this week La Liga's high earners will pay 54 per cent of their earnings to the taxman means the Prem can now compete to attract the best in the world again.

    Jose Maria Gay, economics professor at the University of Catalunya, said: "Now foreign players will be more expensive.

    "Before, thanks to the cushy Beckham Law, we were among those who paid the least in that area and now we are among those who pay the most.

    "It is 54 per cent — 56 per cent in Catalunya.

    "The repeal of the Beckham Law along with the rise in income tax is a bad joke."

    Spain's big-hitters are faced with disastrous consequences.

    Real Madrid and Barcelona's wage bills stand to increase by tens of millions and already the effects are starting to show.

    Eric Abidal is out of contract at the Nou Camp in the summer and he's stalled on a new deal because of the tax rise.



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  • Ashianamarley



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