Chin Peng, WW II Malayan Communist leader dies aged 90
The former secretary-general of the Malayan Communist Party, Chin Peng, has died at the age of 90.
BANGKOK — Chin Peng, the former secretary-general of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP), has died at a hospital in Bangkok .
He was 90 years old.
Reports said that Chin Peng whose real name was Ong Boon Hua, died of old age and was pronounced dead at 6.20am on Monday. His relatives will perform religious rites for him on Friday.
Chin Peng led the MCP’s guerrilla insurgency in Malaya after World War II and fought against British and Commonwealth forces to establish an independent Communist state.
As Secretary-General of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) he also became the leader of the guerrilla forces during the Malayan Emergency.
With communism failing to take root, Chin Peng retired to Thailand in 1955, where he has lived in exile since.
In 1989 the MCP leadership under Chin Peng, signed peace accords that enabled the remaining, aging, guerrillas to live in resettlement villages in southern Thailand.
He was however not allowed to return to Malaysia despite his return being one of the conditions of the 1989 peace agreement.
In 2008, Malaysia’s Court of Appeal stymied his bid to return to the country when it demanded that he show identification papers to prove his citizenship.
CHRONOLOGY OF CHIN PENG’S LIFE
Ong Boon Hua, better known as Chin Peng, the notorious leader of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP), was born in October 1924 in the small seaside town of Sitiawan, Perak.
Oct 22, 1924 : Born as Ong Boon Hua in a small seaside town of Sitiawan, in Perak state, Malaya.
Jan 1940 : Accepted as probationary member of the Communist Party of Malaya (CPM); was put in charge of Communist members in Sitiawan.
Dec 1941 : Joins the fight against the Japanese in the Chinese Anti Enemy Backing Up Society (AEBUS).
Jan 10, 1942 : Later joined the first batch of the Malayan Peoples Anti-Japanese Army (MPAJA) after AEBUS was dissolved. Became the liaison officer between the MPAJA and the British military in South-East Asia.
March 6, 1947: He was elected the Secretary-General of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP).
June 16, 1948 : The Malayan colonial administration de clared a state of emergency after members of the MCP killed three European plantation managers at Sungei Siput. The party was declared illegal.
Dec 28, 1955 : Baling Talks was held with David Marshall and Tunku Abdul Rahman. Was unsuccessful because of surrender terms. After the Baling Talks, Chin Peng left to Thailand. Ah Hai replaces him as acting Secretary-General in Malaya.
1960 : The Emergency was declared at an end, however, fighting still continued. The emergency lasted for twelve years.
Dec 2, 1989 : Chin Peng, Rashid Maidin and Abdullah CD met with representatives of the Malaysian and Thai governments and a peace treaty was signed between the communists and the two countries. The emergency war was over.
2005 : Chin Peng was pending to return to Malaysia. His hearing was scheduled for May 25, 2005, and the High Court postponed it to July 25, 2005. This application was subsequently rejected.
June 2008 : Chin Peng's lost his bid to return to Malaysia when the Court of Appeal demanded he showed iden tification papers to prove his Malayan citizenship.
September 2013 : Chin Peng dies of old age in Bangkok, Thailand.